Cattle Rearing Systems in the North West Region of Cameroon: Historical Trends on Changing Techniques and Strategies

Aloysius Nyuymengka Ngalim

Abstract


This study examines the diagnosis on the evolutional process inherent in the grazing of cattle in the North West Region of Cameroon since its introduction. To realise this objective, three variants of extensive cattle grazing methods and zero grazing, the only intensive exploitation system are examined. The focus is to situate changes in pastoral nomadism in wider conceptual and historical contexts by examining the relationship between the innovations in cattle rearing methods, resource use practices and the changing economic use of cattle. Fundamentally, the contours of grazing transformation in the cattle production systems reveal that exogenous techniques and strategies different from that of the herder’s social, economic and traditional logic were asymmetric to the locale and difficult to accommodate at the beginning. In more recent times, the process of transformation gained momentum, signalling the adoption and adaptation of new and external grazing techniques. These “qualitative” changes were largely induced by government, state bureaucrats, Nongovernmental Organisations, merchant class and wealthy townsmen who invade the pastoral range. This is because for generations, the cattle sub-sector in Cameroon, plays a significant role in its economy and society. Cattle was wealth especially to the Fulani that dominate the sector, generated employment, provided nutritional products, source of revenue and continued to produce animals to finance socio-ceremonial activities.

 

Keywords:  Cattle Grazing Methods, Innovations, Adoption and Adaptation, Significant Role


Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 2408-770X (Print Version)

ISSN 2408-6231 (Online Version)